As Covid cases rise again, how are countries in Europe reacting?



A spread of recent restrictions got here into impact in Austria on 21 September, as a upward push in showed situations speeded up to achieve ranges final noticed in overdue March.

Mask are required in stores and on public shipping, whilst shifting round in bars and eating places, and buying groceries at out of doors markets.

Bars/eating places can simplest serve seated shoppers, at tables of not more than 10.

Personal indoor gatherings are restricted to 10 folks.

Faculties are open, with magnificence sizes halved.


As situations have risen the federal government has tinkered with current restrictions quite than impose a national lockdown. Areas and towns can pass additional than restrictions on the nationwide point.

Mask are obligatory for everybody elderly over 12 in public structures and on public shipping.

Bars/eating places are allowed to open with desk carrier simplest till 1am, so long as folks go away their touch main points.

Other people will have common gatherings with the similar 5 pals or members of the family of their social bubble, despite the fact that if a distance of one.Five metres may also be maintained, teams of as much as 10 are allowed. Public gatherings of as much as 200 folks (indoors) or 400 (open air) are allowed if folks put on mask.

Faculties have reopened, however scholars over 12 and academics are required to put on mask. After-school golf equipment and actions for secondary faculty pupils are suspended.


The rustic had low numbers in spring, however welcoming vacationers all the way through the summer season has ended in emerging numbers.

Mask are obligatory on public shipping, in stores and at public occasions.

Bars and golf equipment will have to shut by means of nighttime, whilst eating places can simplest serve shoppers outdoor.

Personal gatherings are capped at 20 folks, with distancing measures seen, with the exception of for weddings and funerals, which might be capped at 100.

Some faculties are open, some are in part open, and a couple of are closed.

Czech Republic

The rustic has file new infections within the central and japanese Europe area, after touting its good fortune in spring as one of the most first international locations to introduce mask-wearing. Restrictions range by means of area.

Mask are obligatory in indoor public areas together with public shipping.

Bars/eating places will have to close by means of nighttime.

Gatherings of as much as 500 folks, or 1,000 folks open air, is also held with distancing measures enforced.

Faculties are open until there may be an endemic amongst pupils.


Again in March the rustic used to be one of the most first international locations to impose a light-touch lockdown. Some new restrictions have been reimposed on 19 September.

Masks-wearing used to be by no means enforced for stores or supermarkets, and simplest made obligatory on public shipping in overdue August.

Bars/eating places will have to shut by means of 10pm.

Public gatherings capped at 50.

In April Denmark turned into one of the most first western international locations to reopen faculties, with educating performed in “micro teams” of not more than 12 and staggered beginning instances, however with out obligatory mask-wearing.


New infections, that have been in unmarried figures in July, are expanding often and now averaging 60 an afternoon.

Mask are advisable on public shipping.

Shoppers in bars and eating places will have to be seated.

Limits on indoor and out of doors public gatherings have been decreased from 500 folks to 50 previous this month.

Faculties are open as standard, with out mask, however with on-line courses when an endemic is detected

Workers are instructed to paintings from house anyplace conceivable in spaces the place the collection of situations is expanding. Checking out capability is ready 20,000 an afternoon, with precedence given to healthcare pros and folks exhibiting conceivable signs.


After implementing one of the most strictest lockdowns in Europe between March and Might, the federal government has been slowly delegating the task of creating regulations to native prefects and government. Because of this, the foundations range from position to position.

Mask are necessary on public shipping, in faculties for group of workers and pupils over the age of 11, in nearly all places of work, and in bars and eating places for group of workers and shoppers “when shifting round”. They’re additionally necessary outdoor and in public structures in Paris and in any other towns and concrete spaces.

Bars/eating places are absolutely open however with desk carrier simplest. Some outdoor terraces in some spaces have to near at positive hours. Bodily distancing will have to be revered.

Regulations on gatherings vary from area to area. Some don’t permit public gatherings of greater than 1,000 folks, others not more than Five,000 folks. Personal gatherings additionally range from house to house.

All faculties are open with the exception of those who have reported situations. Chairs will have to be no less than 1 metre aside and school rooms/commonplace spaces frequently disinfected.

Any person can get a take a look at with no prescription and with out signs and the price is paid for by means of the well being carrier. As a result of lengthy waits led to by means of any individual who desires to get examined, a concern machine is being presented.

A queue for Covid-19 tests outside a laboratory in Paris

A queue for Covid-19 assessments outdoor a laboratory in Paris. Photograph: Kiran Ridley/Getty Pictures


Resolution-making on restrictions is taken for essentially the most section on the regional point, however the federal executive has known as on the whole upon Germans to limit their social contacts up to conceivable.

Mask are necessary in any public position – together with stores, railway stations, public shipping, and outdoor – the place 1.Five-metre distancing can’t be seen.

Regulations for bars and eating places are set on the regional point however widely talking tables will have to be unfold out and visitors will have to give their touch main points if sitting all the way down to eat meals or drink.

Huge gatherings, akin to game occasions, live shows and gala’s, are banned national till no less than the top of 2020. Regulations on small gatherings are set on the federal point.

Faculties are open however kids are stored in bubbles containing two or 3 yr teams.


As situations have risen the federal government has reimposed focused restrictions in islands and cities. Restrictions range by means of area. Athens has been subjected to stricter measures than somewhere else.

Mask are obligatory national in all enclosed areas together with public shipping.

Bars/eating places will have to shut by means of nighttime.

Gatherings are restricted to 9 within the better Athens house, with spiritual occasions limited to 20 folks.

Faculties had been open since 14 September, however shut when situations are detected.


The rustic is experiencing a moment wave with a lot upper day-to-day case numbers than the primary. This time the federal government has selected a Sweden-type fashion, decided to keep away from a complete lockdown.

Mask are obligatory in maximum public puts, with fines just lately presented for non-compliance.

Bars/eating places will have to close by means of 11pm.

Gatherings are capped at 500 folks.

Faculties are open with temperature assessments for pupils from 1 October.


Eire is making use of pandemic measures in keeping with an escalating five-level alert machine unveiled on 15 September. It’s being examined by means of surging an infection charges. Lots of the nation is at point 2 whilst Dublin town and county, that have particularly prime coronavirus charges, are at point three till 10 October.

Mask are obligatory on public shipping and in stores, theatres, attractiveness salons, libraries and likely different indoor settings.

Out of doors Dublin, bars and eating places are open to teams of six from 3 families. In Dublin they are able to perform as takeaways or serve meals open air, however no indoor eating.

Out of doors Dublin indoor gatherings of as much as six folks from not more than 3 families are allowed. In Dublin you’ll host one different family in your house.

Faculties are open national. Scholars below 13 don’t wish to put on mask. The ones over 13 and academics will have to put on them when a bodily distance of two metres isn’t conceivable.


Infections rose abruptly in mid-August, prompting the closure of all nightclubs and the advent of assessments for folks strolling back from at-risk international locations.

Mask are obligatory in enclosed areas akin to stores, bars, museums, airports and all types of public shipping. They aren’t obligatory outdoor, except for between 6pm and 6am in busy puts.

Bars/eating places are open and not using a limits on opening hours. Tables must be sanitised after every buyer and will have to be no less than 1 metre aside.

There are not any restrictions on gatherings, whether or not outdoor or in properties.

Faculties reopened within the majority of areas on 14 September. Lecturers and pupils over the age of six will have to put on mask with the exception of when sitting at desks, so long as bodily distancing is maintained. Temperatures are taken upon arrival.

A class of teenagers back at school in Turin, Italy

A category of youngsters again in class in Turin, Italy. Photograph: Getty Pictures


The top minister, Mark Rutte, has emphasized his aim to take a “regional and native method”. Further restrictions are drawing close in six areas.

Mask are obligatory for the ones elderly 13 and over on public shipping. Face mask don’t wish to be worn in stations or on platforms. Native government have powers to require that mask are worn in public puts however there are not any nationwide regulations.

Bars/eating places will have to shut by means of 1am, with capability restricted to 50 folks. Reservations and pre-entry well being assessments are obligatory. Everybody will have to have their very own seat.

Gatherings at house are restricted to 6, no longer together with kids below 13. Huge gatherings are restricted to 100 within and 250 outdoor.

Faculties give you the common collection of educating hours to all pupils.


Norway’s top minister known as a halt previous this month to the sluggish reopening of society after a strict national lockdown, announcing the rustic used to be “nonetheless on insecure floor”. The rustic is recording about 100 new situations an afternoon, up from unmarried figures in July.

Mask are advisable on public shipping in and round Oslo.

Bars/eating places can not serve alcohol after nighttime.

Personal gatherings are restricted to 10 folks in Oslo and the western town of Bergen.

Faculties reopened in April and schoolchildren have no longer to this point proved an important motive force of recent infections.


Poland comfortable maximum measures in summer season, and day-to-day case numbers have remained often upper than they have been in spring during the last six weeks.

Mask are obligatory indoors (in spring they have been additionally obligatory open air) and on public shipping.

Bars/eating places are open and not using a restrictions on hours.

Gatherings are allowed, however bodily distancing regulations are in position for indoor structures akin to theatres.

Faculties are following a hybrid in-person/ on-line machine.


After successful plaudits for its early reaction and swift motion, situations have risen in Portugal.

Mask are obligatory on public shipping, in stores, and in closed or busy puts.

Bars/eating places will have to shut by means of 11pm. Cafes and eating places close to faculties can serve teams of not more than 4 shoppers according to desk.

Gatherings are restricted to 10 folks.

Faculties reopened in mid-September.


Considered one of Europe’s champions relating to low numbers in spring, Slovakia has reintroduced some prevention measures heading into autumn.

Mask are obligatory indoors in public areas, together with public shipping.

Bars/eating places will have to shut by means of 11pm.

Huge gatherings are prohibited with the exception of weddings and funerals, that have a prohibit of 30 folks, even though this may building up on 1 October, relying on area.

Faculties are open, even though 17 faculties had been quickly closed because of outbreaks.


3 months after its strict – and a hit – 13-week lockdown used to be lifted, Spain has turn into the worst-affected nation in western Europe, with Madrid its worst-hit area.

Mask are obligatory in out of doors and enclosed areas.

Bars/eating places are open, however topic to various restrictions by means of area.

Limits on gatherings range by means of area. Gatherings within the Madrid area are restricted to teams of not more than 10.

Faculties are open and social distancing is being seen. Mask are obligatory for all scholars elderly six and above.

A woman walks past closed restaurants in Madrid

A girl walks previous closed eating places in Madrid, which is recently Spain’s worst-hit area. Photograph: Javier Barbancho/Reuters


New infections are expanding often and final week have been working at about 250 an afternoon.

Mask don’t seem to be advisable. Public well being officers say it’s extra essential to admire bodily distancing and hand-washing suggestions.

Shoppers will have to be seated in bars and eating places, and teams of consumers separated by means of no less than 1 metre.

The federal government has proposed elevating its prohibit on gatherings from 50 to 500 – so long as bodily distancing may also be seen – from 1 October.

Faculties for under-16s have been by no means closed and all faculties and universities at the moment are open.


Federal government have delegated many choices to the cantonal government.

Mask are obligatory on public shipping, and faculties, bars and eating places, and the place 1.Five-metre distancing isn’t conceivable.

Bars/eating places are open and not using a national restriction on opening hours.

The prohibit of one,000 folks on gatherings used to be lifted from 1 October, however the place related attendees will have to be seated.

Faculties had been open since Might.


The principles range by means of country:

UK regulations

Reporting by means of Daniel Boffey, Rory Carroll, Kate Connolly, Angela Giuffrida, Jon Henley, Sam Jones, Philip Oltermann, Jennifer Rankin, Helena Smith, Shaun Walker, Kim Willsher

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