New Zealand’s new gun rules — what changes, and what stays the same

CHRISTCHURCH, New Zealand — Just a week after assaults on two mosques in New Zealand killed 50 worshippers, the rustic has banned gross sales of “military-style” semi-automatic guns and high-capacity magazines.

READ MORE: New Zealand PM declares ban on semi-automatic and attack rifles after mosque taking pictures

On the planet of politics, it’s a lightning speedy reaction, particularly when in comparison to the deeply contentious, long-running gun keep an eye on debate in the USA.

The suddenness of Thursday’s ban, which got here because the useless have been being buried, has raised many questions, particularly for the ones no longer conversant in firearms.

Right here’s a more in-depth glance:

What’s being banned?

High Minister Jacinda Ardern stated that “each and every semi-automatic weapon used within the terrorist assault ultimate Friday will likely be banned.”

Ardern stated a gross sales ban was once efficient straight away to stop stockpiling and can be adopted via a whole ban at the guns after new rules are rushed thru.

The ban comprises any “military-style” semi-automatic weapons or shotguns which can be able to getting used with a removable mag that holds greater than 5 rounds. It additionally extends to equipment, equivalent to bump shares, used to transform weapons into what the federal government referred to as “military-style” guns.

WATCH: Jacinda Ardern calls New Zealand a ‘blueprint on what to not do’ on gun rules

Army-style semi-automatics were outlined underneath New Zealand legislation as rifles with magazines exceeding seven pictures, or with pistol grips, folding or telescopic butts, bayonet attachments or flash suppressors on the finish of the barrel.

Many several types of firearms, from pistols to rifles and shotguns, can also be semi-automatic. Semi-automatic refers to a firearm’s skill to self-load, no longer simplest firing a bullet with each and every cause pull, but in addition reloading and making the firearm able to firing once more.

READ MORE: Some New Zealanders voluntarily give up weapons in wake of mosque taking pictures

What’s no longer being banned?

The ban does no longer come with semi-automatic .22 caliber or smaller weapons that hang as much as 10 rounds or semi-automatic and pump-action shotguns with non-detachable magazines that hang as much as 5 rounds. The weapons no longer banned are regularly utilized by farmers and hunters.

Caliber is the dimension of the diameter of the interior of a gun barrel. The next caliber firearm makes use of better rounds that may do extra tissue harm and are extra deadly.

The federal government stated the police and army can be exempt, as would companies wearing out skilled pest keep an eye on. Get admission to for world taking pictures competitions would even be regarded as.

WATCH: New Zealand’s Ardern vows to disclaim gunman notoriety

What occurs to banned weapons?

Ardern stated folks may give up their weapons underneath an amnesty whilst officers increase a proper buyback scheme, which might value as much as 200 million New Zealand greenbacks ($140 million).

New Zealand police stated on their website online that the “transitional length” would permit folks to prepare handy over their illegal firearms to police with out consequences. It inspired folks to fill out an internet shape and stated after that police can be in contact to make preparations.

There may well be criminal exemptions to the ban, equivalent to for pest controllers, however Ardern stated any exemptions can be “tightly regulated.”

“For different sellers, gross sales must necessarily now stop. My expectation is that those guns will now be returned in your providers and not input into the New Zealand marketplace once more,” she stated.

WATCH: New Zealand farmer says he’s surrendering weapons in wake of assault

What number of weapons are affected?

There are just about 250,000 approved gun house owners in New Zealand, which has a inhabitants of five million folks. Officers estimate there are 1.five million weapons within the nation.

Sydney College gun coverage knowledgeable Philip Alpers estimated that simplest 6 % of all guns in New Zealand have been registered.

He stated there may well be 500,000 semi-automatic rifles and shotguns. However, he added, “just a small percentage of the ones would be capable to taking a large-capacity mag. In order that’s the quantity that everybody is making an attempt to wager.”

Do New Zealanders fortify it?

The ban is extensively supported and places New Zealand “nearly precisely in line” with Australia, the UK and “reasonably with Canada,” consistent with Professor Kevin Clements, chairman of Peace and Conflicts research on the College of Otago and a firearms knowledgeable.

One in every of New Zealand’s biggest gun shops, Searching & Fishing New Zealand, stated it helps “any govt measure to completely ban such guns.”

READ MORE: Turkey’s Erdogan sparks diplomatic spat over N.Z. mosque assault feedback

The corporate stated it might not inventory any assault-style firearms of any class and would additionally forestall promoting firearms on-line.

“What (Ardern’s) carried out is an excessively courageous transfer, and it’s the type of transfer that may simplest be carried out in a common-law nation the place weapons aren’t a proper. Weapons are an actual privilege. If there was once a criminal proper like there’s in the USA, this may be a lot more tough,” stated World legislation Professor Alexander Gillespie of Waikato College.

However, he added, “it’s going to be pricey, and there’s going to be a large number of pushback.”

WATCH: Jacinda Ardern sees social media as ‘world factor’ in wake of mosque assault

What’s subsequent?

Alpers famous that New Zealand, even if it calls for handgun registration, “continues to be the one nation with the exception of the USA and to a point Canada that doesn’t have (firearm) registration as its 3rd pillar of gun keep an eye on” along side licensing and treating ownership as a conditional privilege.

Alpers stated rifles and shotguns aren’t registered within the nation.

He referred to as that “a vital loophole” however stated Ardern “has flagged her decision to pursue registration. Whether or not she’ll have the ability to do it utterly or no longer … is every other query.”

Klug reported from Seoul, South Korea. Related Press writers Rod McGuirk in Canberra, Australia, and Kim Tong-hyung in Seoul contributed to this document.

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