Singers Dolly Parton, Aretha Franklin and Queen Latifah among Women of the Century for entertainment

Oscar winners. Perfect-selling musical artists. Tremendous Bowl halftime performers. Those our Ladies of the Century in leisure. To commemorate the 100th anniversary of the 19th Modification, when girls received the correct to vote USA TODAY put in combination a listing of 100 Ladies of the Century, spotting groundbreaking girls who’ve contributed to their nation and communities and assisted in shaping our country. 

We have now widely known superstars nonetheless making waves (Rita Moreno, Whoopi Goldberg, Dolly Parton) and deceased girls who lead the way for them (Aretha Franklin, Anna Might Wong, Katharine Hepburn). The entertainers on our record pack a punch, and so they understand it.  

Ladies of the Century: Spotting the accomplishments of girls from the ultimate 100 years

USA TODAY

Celia Cruz

Salsa artist

(1925-2003) 

Celia Cruz

Celia Cruz
Photograph: Miguel Juarez Lugo, AP, Representation: USA TODAY Community

In a male-dominated style, Celia Cruz become one in all salsa’s groundbreaking artists. Born in Havana, she moved to the U.S. in 1961 all over the Cuban revolution. “The Queen of Salsa” revolutionized the style through integrating African parts of her id into her songs. She received 5 Grammys, together with two Latin Grammys, won honorary doctorates from Yale College and the College of Miami, and was once awarded the Nationwide Medal of the Arts through President Invoice Clinton in 1994. 

Gloria Estefan

Pop singer

(1957-  )

Gloria Estefan

Gloria Estefan
Photograph: Robert Deutsch, USA TODAY, Representation: USA TODAY Community

3-time Grammy Award winner Gloria Estefan is a Cuban American absolute best identified for Latin pop hits like “Conga” and “Rhythm Is Gonna Get You,” which catapulted her to world status. In 1992, she become the primary particular person of Latin descent to headline the Tremendous Bowl halftime display. She was once awarded Kennedy Heart Honors in 2017, making her the primary Cuban American to earn the dignity, which honors contributions to American tradition throughout the acting arts.

Ella Fitzgerald

Jazz singer

(1917-1996)

Ella Fitzgerald

Ella Fitzgerald
Photograph: Ron Frehm, AP, Representation: USA TODAY Community

Continuously referred to as “The First Woman of Music,” Ella Fitzgerald was once one of the vital fashionable feminine jazz artists within the nation and the primary African American girl to win a Grammy. Whilst she had at all times aspired to be an entertainer, she introduced her musical profession by accident at 17, wowing the target audience at an beginner making a song contest. She put out her first No. 1 hit, “A-Tisket, A-Tasket,” in 1938 and went directly to win 13 Grammys. 

Aretha Franklin

Singer, songwriter

(1942-2018)

Aretha Franklin

Aretha Franklin
Photograph: Rick Wooden, Milwaukee Magazine-Sentinel, Representation: USA TODAY NETWORK

The “Queen of Soul” was once a in large part self-taught and proficient pianist and singer, recording lots of her earliest tracks at her father’s Detroit church at age 14. Aretha Franklin sooner or later moved to New York, the place she produced many hits, together with “Appreciate” and “Highway of Love.” She received 18 Grammys and was once awarded the Nationwide Medal of the Arts and the Presidential Medal of Freedom. She was once additionally the primary feminine performer inducted into the Rock & Roll Corridor of Reputation. 

Whoopi Goldberg

Actress, comic

(1955-  )

Whoopi Goldberg

Whoopi Goldberg
Photograph: Robert Deutsch, USA TODAY, Representation: USA TODAY Community

Whoopi Goldberg jump-started her profession in 1983, when she starred in a one-woman manufacturing, “The Spook Display.” She contributed her personal authentic comedy subject material that addressed problems with race in The usa, and received a Grammy Award for absolute best comedy album. Goldberg went directly to big name in motion pictures reminiscent of “Sister Act” and “The Colour Pink,” sooner or later successful an Academy Award for absolute best supporting actress for her function in “Ghost” in 1991. She hosted her personal communicate display, “The Whoopi Goldberg Display,”  and moderates “The View.”

Katharine Hepburn

Actress

(1907-2003)

Katharine Hepburn

Katharine Hepburn
PHOTO: ASSOCIATED PRESS, ILLUSTRATION: USA TODAY NETWORK

Born to a liberal circle of relatives with a mom who ran a Connecticut suffrage group, Katharine Hepburn was once a sharp-minded actress who starred in classics reminiscent of “Little Ladies,” “Wager Who’s Coming to Dinner” and “On Golden Pond.” She received her first Academy Award for her function in “Morning Glory” in 1933. Hepburn was once memorable off-screen as smartly, refusing to evolve to the normal Hollywood starlet through opting for to not put on make-up and fleeing media consideration. Through the tip of her profession, she had won 12 Academy Award nominations, in the long run successful 4. 

Queen Latifah

Rapper, actress

(1970-  )

Queen Latifah

Queen Latifah
Photograph: Kwaku Alston, USA TODAY, Representation: USA TODAY Community

Queen Latifah, born Dana Elaine Owens, first began as an influential rapper, successful a Grammy Award for her hit unmarried “U.N.I.T.Y.” in 1995. She then became to performing, starring in motion pictures reminiscent of Spike Lee’s “Jungle Fever,”  and TV techniques reminiscent of “Residing Unmarried” and her sunlight hours communicate display, “The Queen Latifah Display.” She was once the primary rapper with a celebrity at the Hollywood Stroll of Reputation. Considered one of her maximum acclaimed roles was once within the 2002 musical “Chicago,” the place she earned an Academy Award nomination for absolute best supporting actress.

Hattie McDaniel 

Actress

(1893-1952)

Hattie McDaniel

Hattie McDaniel
Photograph: Related Press, Representation: Veronica Bravo, USA TODAY

Hattie McDaniel is maximum particularly identified for being the primary African American to win an Oscar, which she did in 1940 for “Long past With the Wind.” Whilst she began as a radio performer, she sooner or later moved to Los Angeles to pursue an performing profession and landed main on-screen roles in “Pass judgement on Priest” and “The Little Colonel.” After successful the 1940 Academy Award for absolute best supporting actress, she returned to radio and joined CBS radio’s “The Beulah Display” in 1947. 

Rita Moreno

EGOT winner

(1931-  )

Rita Moreno

Rita Moreno
Photograph: Dan MacMedan, USA TODAY, Representation: USA TODAY Community

Rita Moreno moved to New York from Puerto Rico at five, later turning into the primary Latina to win an Oscar. Identified for her function as Anita in “West Aspect Tale,” she is one in all simply 16 other folks to win an Emmy, Grammy, Oscar and Tony. A passionate civil rights activist who attended the March on Washington, Moreno may be identified for her paintings inspiring youngsters within the Latino neighborhood. 

Dolly Parton

Grammy Award-winning singer, songwriter

(1946-  )

Dolly Parton

Dolly Parton
Photograph: Gerald Holly, The Tennessean; Representation: USA TODAY Community

Dolly Parton is likely one of the international’s maximum identified and loved artists. She has launched virtually 90 albums and written greater than 700 songs, together with No. 1 hits “I Will At all times Love You” and “Jolene.” She starred in motion pictures reminiscent of “Metal Magnolias” and “nine to five.” Parton is a businesswoman and philanthropist as smartly. Dollywood, Dollywood’s Splash Nation and different tourism companies have remodeled East Tennessee’s economic system, offering hundreds of jobs and attracting tens of millions of holiday makers. In 2004, the Library of Congress gave her the Residing Legend award.

Gertrude ‘Ma’ Rainey

Blues singer

(1886-1939)

Ma Rainey

Ma Rainey
Photograph: Donaldson Assortment/Getty Photographs, Representation: USA TODAY Community

Sometimes called the “Mom of Blues,” Ma Rainey become one of the vital first entertainers to introduce blues into her musical repertoire, serving as an inspiration for poets reminiscent of Langston Hughes and Sterling Brown. She is absolute best identified for hits reminiscent of “End up It On Me Blues” and “Deep Moaning Blues.” In 1990, she was once inducted into the Rock & Roll Corridor of Reputation. A 1982 play through August Wilson, “Ma Rainey’s Black Backside,” is a tribute to her.

Nina Simone

Jazz singer

(1933-2003)

Nina Simone

Nina Simone
Photograph: Related Press, Representation: USA TODAY Community

Born Eunice Kathleen Waymon, Nina Simone aspired to be a pioneering African American classical pianist, making use of to the Curtis Institute of Song, the place her admission was once denied. Attributing her rejection to racism, she began making a song in jazz golf equipment. She was once signed in 1957 and wrote songs such because the 1958 hit “I Loves you Porgy” and her protest-themed track “Outdated Jim Crow.” As a civil rights activist, Simone collaborated with Langston Hughes, James 1st Earl Baldwin of Bewdley and different influential figures to accomplish at rallies. 

Bessie Smith

Blues singer

(1894-1937)

Bessie Smith

Bessie Smith
Photograph: Related Press, ILLUSTRATION: USA TODAY NETWORK

Probably the most highest-paid Black performers of her time, Bessie Smith was once a blues vocalist who began her profession as a boulevard musician to reinforce her orphaned siblings. After making her recording debut with Columbia Data in 1923, she created hits reminiscent of “Down Hearted Blues” and “Careless Love Blues.” She was once posthumously inducted into the Blues Corridor of Reputation in 1980 and the Rock & Roll Corridor of Reputation in 1989. 

Anna Might Wong

Actress

(1905-1961)

Anna May Wong

Anna Might Wong
Photograph: Carl Nesensohn, AP, Representation: USA TODAY Community

Extensively regarded as to be Hollywood’s first Chinese language American big name, Anna Might Wong defied her father’s needs and pursued her Hollywood profession in the back of his again at an early age, showing as an additional in motion pictures reminiscent of “The Pink Lantern.” She had one in all her lead roles within the 1922 movie “Toll of the Sea,” which jump-started her reputation as an Asian American actress. She went directly to big name in “The Thief of Bagdad,” “Peter Pan,” “Daughter of the Dragon” and “Portrait in Black.”

Contributing: USA TODAY newshounds Jenna Ryu, Elinor Aspegren, Autumn Schoolman, Sarah Elbeshbishi, Ella Lee and Camille Caldera 

Resources used within the Ladies of the Century record challenge come with newspaper articles, state archives, historic internet sites, encyclopedias and different assets.

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